Why do homophones seem to get all the attention? A homophone, as you probably know, is a word that sounds the same as another word, but with a different meaning or spelling. For example, their, they’re and there. Or no and know.
But do you know what a homograph is? A homograph is a word that looks the same, but has different meaning and perhaps different pronunciation. Here is a sentence that uses the homograph “dove.”
The dove looked elegant as it dove underneath the tree branch to catch the bug.
Here is a sentence that uses the homograph “bank.”
After swimming at the river bank, we went to the bank to get some money to buy ice cream.
Some more examples of homographs are bow, book, subject, duck, wound, tear, contract, and model. There are many more!!!
In the comment section below, write a sentence using a homograph with both of its meanings like I did in the examples above. For an EXTRA challenge, write a sentence that uses two homographs with both of their meanings.
If you enjoyed this reading enrichment, take a look at Reading Enrichment #10 which is also about homographs.
Many years ago, it was common for students to regularly be assigned the memorization of a poem or part of a historical document. Today, that does not happen in schools as regularly. But, did you know that memorization is good for you???
Here are three big ways that memorization will improve your reading and speaking skills. First, reciting a piece that is memorized will help you learn to articulate your words (speak clearly). Second, memorization has been shown to increase your vocabulary because you familiarize yourself with words that you may have not otherwise come across. Lastly, increasing your vocabulary has been shown to increase your reading comprehension. Wow!
What should you memorize? Anything that interests you! Go to your school’s library and check out some poetry books. There are funny poems, serious poems, silly poems, informational poems—I’m sure you can find one to interest you. The following link has some more suggestions of what to memorize AND gives some pointers on how to memorize.
The EY Coordinator at your school would love to get a recording of you reciting a poem or part of a historical document. Are you up for the challenge?
Dragons have been an important character in fairy tales and fantasy stories for ages. Fire breathing dragons may not exist, but if you consider a dragon to be a supersize reptile with a wicked bite…then have I got a challenge for you! The Komodo dragon is the real deal! How can a Komodo dragon, that weighs about 300 pounds, kill a water buffalo that is over twice its size? Read this article to find out:
The San Diego zoo has a Komodo dragon named Ken. Watch this video to meet him:
Take it a step further: Komodo dragons only live in one country in the world, Indonesia. Indonesia is made up of several islands. Komodo dragons reside on some of the islands, but not all of them. This website will show you some other interesting facts about Indonesia—home of the Komodo dragon:
What are three facts you learned about Indonesia? What else would you like to know about Indonesia or Komodo dragons?
Word squares are grids of letters that cross horizontally and vertically. In the puzzle below, the word TRAP is located in the top row and left-most column; ROME can be seen in the second row from the top and the second column from the left; AMEN is found in the third row from the top and the third column from the left; and PENT occurs in the bottom row and in the right-most column. All the words cross each other in a perfect square arrangement. (taken from Psychology Today)
Take a look at this one. DEN is spelled vertically and horizontally in the first column and row respectively. EYE is spelled vertically and horizontally in the 2nd column/row, and NET is spelled vertically and horizontally in the 3rd column/row
Try These 3 Word Squares
If you’re really up for a challenge, try creating the Word Squares from these given clues! Use this sheet to record your answers. When finished, show your teacher or EY Coordinator.
1. 3 X 3 Square
- young male
- a natural mineral
- an affirmative answer
2. 3 X 3 Square
- to allow
- a time period
- a key on a computer
3. 3 X 3 Square
- a cereal grass
- unit of currency
- what everything comes to
4. 4 X 4 Square
- place to sit
- repetition of sound
- greeting used by sailors
5. 4 X 4 Square
- something that we want to achieve
- an evil giant
- to show the way
6. 4 X 4 Square
- to assert something as a fact
- intense feeling of affection
- large jug with a wide spout
7. 5 X 5 Square
- competitive pastime
- material on which we write
- the art of Giuseppe Verdi
- repeat of a TV show or series
- prefix meaning across or beyond
“In a good bookroom you feel in some mysterious way that you are absorbing the wisdom contained in all the books through your skin, without even opening them.”
― Mark Twain
In early November, 2017, China opened a futuristic library. Check out articles and pictures by clicking on the links below:
There are some articles focused on a bit of controversy regarding the library including this article: https://www.ndtv.com/offbeat/chinas-futuristic-library-more-fiction-than-books-1776720
Read about China’s futuristic library and post a comment about something new you learned and/or your reaction to the library. Take it a step further and design your own library. What kind of books would you have in your library? Furniture?
What did you learn today? What mistake did you make that taught you something? What did you try hard at today? ~Carol Dweck
Learn more about Growth and Fixed Mindset by completing the LearnStorm course on Khan Academy. There are 6 activities total and each one has an accompanying worksheet (linked below).
You can either print the activity sheets yourself by clicking the links above, or you can ask your classroom teacher or the EY Coordinator at your building for copies. When you are finished with all the activities, hand in your papers to your classroom teacher or EY Coordinator. Make sure to fill out the Badge Request Form to earn your Mindset Badge.
brain image taken from: https://pixabay.com/photo-1295128/
FIXED vs GROWTH MINDSET
Do you have a fixed mindset or a growth mindset? Does it depend on the situation? Do you believe you are born with innate talents and gifts? Find the answers to these questions and more by checking out the resources below.
- Video from John Spencer: https://youtu.be/M1CHPnZfFmU
- Cartoons and Growth Mindset: https://youtu.be/0Q6a_rD85X0
Common Lit is a great resource full of reading passages. Check out the 2 reading passages that relate to a Growth Mindset.
- A QUICK NOTE ON GETTING BETTER AT DIFFICULT THINGS by Ta-Nehisi Coates
- I PRACTICED by JonArno Lawson
Write about your mindset. You can model your writing after the reading passages (i.e. something you struggled to learn or a poem) or come up with your own way of expressing your thoughts on mindset. Share your writing with the EY Coordinator at your building.
image taken from https://pixabay.com/photo-162026/
Read about more interesting facts like these at Snapple.com. Use the record sheet linked below to find 4 interesting facts. Record the facts on the sheet and then do some further research on one fact. Check with your librarian for books, magazines, and other useful tools that can help you find out more about your fact! Finally, display your researched fact on a Pic Collage, Haiku Deck, or other digital tool. Send your final copy to the EY Coordinator at your building. At the end of October, 3 lucky winners will be selected receive a bottle of Snapple!
Click here for the Snapple record sheet
What are Fairy Tales? According to Merriam-Webster, a fairy tale is “a story (as for children) involving fantastic forces and beings (as fairies, wizards, and goblins) – called also fairy story”.
“Beauty and the Beast”, Disney’s most recent movie version, premiered recently. Have you already seen it? I know I have! The original Beauty and the Beast (French: La Belle et la Bête) is a traditional fairy tale written by French novelist Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve and published in 1740 in La Jeune Américaine et les contes marins (The Young American and Marine Tales).
1740 is a long time ago, and that made me wonder how old fairy tales are!
If you’re curious about this as well, please visit this Wonderopolis entry: How Old are Fairy Tales? Read the article, then test your knowledge by clicking on “Did You Get It” and taking the quiz! Take it a step further by checking out the “Try it Out” section!
Comment below by telling what your favorite part of this Reading Enrichment was!
When I was in elementary school, I learned a lot of grammar by watching Schoolhouse Rock cartoons on Saturday morning. They were so much fun!
Below is a video about interjections. According to grammar-monster.com, interjections are “words used to express strong feeling or sudden emotion. They are included in a sentence (usually at the start) to express a sentiment such as surprise, disgust, joy, excitement, or enthusiasm.”
Watch the Schoolhouse Rock cartoon about interjections:
Then, practice your new knowledge by going to this link: http://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=quiz-on-interjections
Below, in the comments section, tell us how you did on the quiz!