Modifiers are words, phrases, and clauses that add information about other parts of a sentence—which is usually helpful. But when modifiers aren’t linked clearly enough to the words they’re actually referring to, they can create unintentional ambiguity.
Incorrectly placed modifier: Perched up high on a tree branch, I yelled at the cat to leave the sparrow alone.
Meaning: I don’t tangle with a tabby unless I am perched 10 feet up in the air.
Correctly placed modifier: Seeing a sparrow perched up high on a tree branch, I yelled at the cat to leave him alone.
Meaning: ohhhh….the sparrow is up in the tree. Watch out little sparrow!
#1 Read this teaching page to look over some modifier examples.
#2 Watch this TED Ed video and take detailed notes about modifiers and their placement and navigate the sticky world of misplaced, dangling and squinting modifiers.
#3 Make a visual explaining modifiers with examples of how they are used. Also include your own sentence with a misplaced modifier and then correct the sentence so that the reader understands the meaning.
Challenge: Do more research about misplaced, dangling and squinting modifiers. Include what you learned in your visual.
Do you love Axolotls? Learn more about the amazing Axolotl with this fun mini spark!
Step One: Read the Species Profile and answer these Reflection Questions. Axolotl Reading (Pages 1-2).
Step Two: Research. Find out even more by doing your own research. Use the sheet below as a guide (Description, Habitat, Diet, Lifespan, Conservation).
Step Three: Create! Show us what you learned about Axolotls in a creative way. Choose from one of the following options.
- Social Media Post – Using these templates, create Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter posts from the perspective of an Axolotl. Turn in your completed post(s) to your EY Coordinator.
- Minecraft Habitat – Design an ideal habitat or underwater playground for the Axolotl using Minecraft. You will need to complete this option at home. Take a photo or screenshot and send to your EY Coordinator.
- Regeneration Pic Collage – Did you learn that Axolotls have an incredible ability to regenerate? Watch the video below to learn more! What other Amphibians have this ability? Create a PicCollage that shows us what you discovered.
What is a Simile? The official definition of a simile is a noun that means: “a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.”
Step One: Watch this Brain Pop Jr. video about Similes
and this word girl video
Step Two: Look at the Simile list below. Whisper read a scenario for each one
Example: as sly as a fox
Hillary was ______________________ , as she to gingerly placed the fruit bat into her backpack.
- Easy as ABC
- Like two peas in a pod
- Straight as an arrow
- Wise as an owl
Step Three: Watch and listen to the book, “My Dog Is As Smelly As Dirty Socks”. Click book image below.
Step Four: Write a “Simile Me”.
- First, jot down five words you would use to describe yourself.
- Use your five words and make comparisons to something else, writing your own version of a “Simile Me”
Here is my example:
1 – busy
2 – creative
3 – hardworking
4 – happy
5 – sleepy
I’m as busy as a timer,
As creative as a stained glass window,
As hardworking as an elephant,
As happy as a well-loved dog,
And as sleepy as a pillow.
Step Five: Use an app of your choice to create a fun illustration/visual of your “Simile Me”
Step Six: Send your “Simile Me” and illustration/visual to your EY Coordinator!
Even if a picture is worth a thousand words, it still needs a caption. Captions are easy to write if you begin with the basics. Let’s practice using the photo below.
Caption: A caption is text that gives additional information about a picture or illustration.
Example: Begin by brainstorming Who, What, When, Where, and How. Once you have written down these details from the photo, write a caption that gives these details and some additional information (use the checklist below).
Caption Writing Checklist:
- describe the picture
- provide additional information
- written in complete sentences
- include adjectives and additional details
Now, try one a few on your own!
Teachers: Ask your EY Coordinator for this 65 page resource (PDF), would be great for warms ups and exit tickets to help students practice caption writing!
‘Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo’ is a grammatically correct sentence. How? Emma Bryce explains how this and other one-word sentences illustrate some lexical ambiguities that can turn ordinary words and sentences into mazes that mess with our minds. This lesson from TED ED will get you started creating your own ridiculous sentences to share with your friends.
Try figuring out the meaning to these sentences:
Police police Police police police police Police police.
Will, will Will will Will Will’s will?
Rose rose to put rose roes on her rows of roses.
If it is it, it is it; if it is it is it, it is.
If you need help with figuring out the sentences above check out this guide which will have clues for you.
To wrap up this mini spark, use this info page to find words to help you create your own silly sentence using one word.
Choose a book that you have recently read and enjoyed!
Create a script using the link below as a guide.
Choose at least two people and read your 1-hand book review to them.
Share your review with your teacher or the EY coordinator in your building.
Step 1: What is a Tweet? Read the definition below and look at the examples.
- What is a Tweet? A tweet is a status update on a social media platform called Twitter that is broadcast to other users. Limited to 280 characters or less, tweets can express how users are feeling, what they’re doing, and anything in between.
Step 2: Look over the Tweet options below and choose one to complete. Turn in your finished work to your teacher or EY coordinator.
- Option 1: Character Tweet
What would a character from a favorite book “tweet” at the end of a chapter or section. Write it as though you are that character using Twitter.
Character Tweet Example:
Character Tweet Template:
- Option 2: Chapter/Section Tweet:
Think of a chapter of a book or section of a movie and summarize what happened twitter style.
- Option 3: Book Review Tweet
Book Review Tweet Examples:
- Option 4: Historical Figure Tweet
Choose a person from a historical event. What would this historical figure “tweet” after this event? Write it as though you are that person using Twitter.
Historical Figure Template:
Step 3: Use the contact form below and type your Tweet in the Message section. Hit Submit
Create a piece of word art using the following website: https://wordart.com/
Some ideas for your Word Art:
- Type your name and your family members/friends’ names
- Type the things you are thankful for
- Type your favorites (food, music, color, artist, subject, etc.)
- Type in the names of your favorite books/characters
- Type in words associated with your favorite seasons
Suggestion…Create several different pieces of word art using the website and experiment with different shapes, fonts, colors, etc.